Resembling the mysteries landscape of a distant planet, Red Rock Canyon State Park covers approximately nine square miles of badlands and exposed, angled, mudstone strata that span both sides of California Highway 14 in the middle of the Mojave Desert.
Featuring scenic desert cliffs, buttes, and multicolored rocky outcrops, it was once a crossroads of an indigenous trade route, and home to wily old gold and silver miners that once flocked to the area in search of the mother lode in the late mid-1800s.
Today, the park has been the site scores of movies, including the crew of the Planet of the Apes, due to its colorful rock formations and variety of wildlife including roadrunners, hawks, hunting ravens, lizards, and squirrels, as well as several species of snakes (including some rattlers), and the California Desert Tortoise.
Hiking and OHV trails crisscross the entire park and invite you to explore the area, including plenty of petroglyphs in many of the surrounding caves and crevices.
Joshua trees abound at Red Rock Canyon State Park and wildflowers bloom in the spring in this area, as well as several species of flowering cacti.
Approaching the park from a distance, the rock formations stand out abnormally red from the landscape. As you near, the escarpments become clearer, and you can see the graceful draping of the stone folding itself down to the earth. The view from atop the formations is also breathtaking as you look down upon an endless sea of Joshua trees.
Hiking Red Rock Canyon State Park
The best places to hike are in the park’s two preserves. The first is the Red Rock Canyon park nature trail, and the second being the Hagen Canyon Natural Preserve Loop.
The nature trail can be picked up at the south end of the park campground, and is an easy 3/4-mile trek that tells the geologic story of the area, and points out the typical desert flora. It’s keyed to an interpretive pamphlet available at the trailhead.
The second, just south of the Ricardo turn-off, is Hagen Canyon – a one-mile long side valley with intricately eroded, multi-colored cliffs, washes and mounds, quite similar to the Bisti Wilderness of distant New Mexico. Hagen’s one-mile looping trail is a great place to take in the surrounding cliffs with various different strata in shades of red, white and gray, topped by a band of black lava.
Camping Red Rock Canyon State Park
Red Rock Canyon State Park can easily be explored in one day unless camping, and the Ricardo campground, right next door is like an intergalactic place to rest your face.
There are 50 primitive campsites tucked up against the base of dramatic sandstone cliffs, all with potable water, pit toilets, fire rings, and tables. Camping is first-come, first served, and there are no reservations. There are no RV hook-ups or showers. A maximum of 8 people is allowed per site and there are no group sites.
Camping in the park requires a per night fee per site. Free camping is available on BLM land outside of the State Park and accessible by 4WD vehicles.
The best time to visit Red Rock Canyon State Park is in the Spring and Fall. Be prepared for a windy campsite and lots of suns. Summers can reach well into the 100s, so if you plan to travel here during the hot months, plan ahead.
If camping is not your style, there are several hotels and motels to choose from in the nearby towns of Ridgecrest (32 miles north) and Mojave (25 miles south).
Where is Red Rock Canyon State Park
Red Rock Canyon State Park is located 120 miles north of Los Angeles and is open 365 days a year. It is situated in the southernmost foothills of the Sierra Nevada range, just west of CA Highway 14, between Mojave and US 395, which runs through the middle of the park.
The park entrance road follows beside a seasonal wash along with a shallow valley. Follow this road a short mile to Ricardo Ranger Station. The station has a small visitor center with nature exhibits.